To count the number of cells equal to either one value OR another, you use formula that uses the COUNTIF function twice.
In the example, the active cell contains this formula:
Here’s how the formula works
COUNTIF counts the number of cells in a range that match the supplied criteria. In this case, the criteria for the first COUNTIF is “apples” and the criteria for the second COUNTIF is “pears”. The first COUNTIF returns the count of cells in B4:B9 equal to “apples”. The second COUNTIF returns the count of cells in B4:B9 equal to “pears”. These two counts are added together and the sum is returned as the result of the formula.
Note that text values in the criteria for COUNTIF need to be enclosed in quotes (“”). Also note that COUNTIF is not not case sensitive. In the example, the words “apples” and “pears” in any combination of upper and lower case letters will be counted.
If you are counting cells that contain a numeric value, there is no need to add quotes around the numbers. For example, if in the above example you wanted to count cells that contain zero, or 1 the formula is:
If you need to count cells that contain either X or Y (instead of equal to X or Y) see: count cells that contain