# COUNTIF

Count cells that match criteria Purpose
Count cells that match criteria
Return value
A number representing cells counted.
Syntax
=COUNTIF (range, criteria)
Arguments
• range - The range of cells to count.
• criteria - The criteria that controls which cells should be counted.
Usage notes

The COUNTIF function in Excel counts the number of cells in a range that match the supplied criteria

Non-numeric criteria needs to be enclosed in double quotes but numeric criteria does not:

`=COUNTIF(A1:A10,100) // count cells equal to 100=COUNTIF(A1:A10,">32") // count cells greater than 32=COUNTIF(A1:A10,"jim") // count cells equal to "jim"=COUNTIF(A1:A10,"<"&B1) // count cells less than value in B1`

The wildcard characters ? and * can be used in criteria. A question mark matches any one character and an asterisk matches any sequence of characters.

To find a literal question mark or asterisk, use a tilde (~) in front question mark or asterisk (i.e. ~?, ~*).

See links on this page to more examples with detailed explanations.