Excel SMALL Function

Excel SMALL Function


The Excel SMALL function returns numeric values based on their position in a list ranked by value. In other words, it can retrive “nth smallest” values – 1st value, 2nd smallest value, 3rd smallest value, etc.


Get the nth smallest value

Return value 

The nth smallest value in the array.


=SMALL (array, n)


  • array – A range of cells from which to extract smallest values.
  • n – An integer that specifies the position from the smallest value, i.e. the nth position.

Usage notes 

The SMALL function is useful when you want to retrieve “lowest” values from a set of data. For example, the first, second, and third fastest times in a race.

array can be an array constant or a range of cells.

n is the position away from the largest value. For example, use 2 for the 2nd largest value, 3 for the 3rd largest value, etc.

Microsoft uses “k” instead of “n” in their function documentation. Exceljet uses n because “nth” is more familiar than “kth”.

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