Get relative row numbers in range

Get relative row numbers in range

Related Functions


To get a full set of relative row numbers in a range, you can use an array formula based on the ROW function.

In the example shown, the array formula in B5:B11 is:


On the worksheet, this must be entered as multi-cell array formula using Control + Shift + Enter

This is a robust formula that will continue to generate relative numbers even when the range is moved.

How this formula works

The first ROW function generates an array of 7 numbers like this:


The second ROW function generates an array with just one item like this:


which is then subtracted from the first array to yield:


Finally, 1 is added to get:


With a named range

You can adapt this formula to use with a named range. For example, in the above example, if you created a named range “data” for B5:D11, you can use this formula to generate row numbers:


In other array formulas

You’ll encounter this formula often in other array formulas that process data row-by-row.


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